Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder marked by intense tiredness during the day. It’s a neurological disorder that affects the brain’s capacity to regulate sleep and waking cycles. People who suffer from narcolepsy may find it difficult to stay up for long amounts of time during the day.
These “sleep attacks” can happen at any time and in the middle of any activity. Narcolepsy can have a major impact on a person’s capacity to operate properly if not treated. It can cause problems at school, at work, and in relationships.
Some symptomes of Narcolepsy –
- Excessive daytime drowsiness characterised by irregular bursts of sleep, even during normal activities.
- The remainder of the day will be spent with low awareness.
- It’s difficult to concentrate and finish job.
- Cataplexy is a sudden decrease of muscular tone.
- Sleep paralysis is a condition in which you are unable to move or speak when falling asleep or after waking up.
- The greatest dreaming occurs during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. In persons with narcolepsy, REM sleep can happen at any time of day.
- Semi-alertness and seeing the non-existent are examples of hallucinations.
Some causes of Narcolepsy can be –
- A hereditary flaw that has been passed down through the generations
- Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during puberty or menopause, are common.
- A significant psychological strain
- A rapid shift in sleeping habits
- A disease like swine flu or a streptococcal infection
- Individuals who have cataplexy have very low levels of hypocretin.
Narcolepsy can be treated in the following ways –
While narcolepsy medications might help with symptoms, they can potentially have negative side effects. These medications require a prescription and should be used with caution and in accordance with the doctor’s and pharmacist’s recommendations.
- People with narcolepsy can benefit from healthy sleeping habits in order to counteract poor nighttime sleep.
- Avoiding alcohol and other sedatives that make you sleepy might make your narcolepsy symptoms worse throughout the day.
- Being physically active can help you avoid being overweight and can also help you sleep better.
- Obesity is more common in people with narcolepsy, therefore eating correctly is critical to their general health.
Hypersomnia is a condition in which a person has problems remaining awake throughout the day, referring to either excessive daytime drowsiness or excessive time spent sleeping. Excessive daytime drowsiness is another word for hypersomnia (EDS).
Hypersomniacs have trouble working throughout the day because they are exhausted all of the time, which can damage their focus and energy levels.
The following can be the causes of Hypersomnia causes-
- Narcolepsy and sleep apnea
- Getting insufficient sleep at night
- Being overweight is a problem
- Abuse of drugs or alcohol
- A concussion or a neurological condition like multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease
- Medications prescribed by a doctor
- Depression and genetics
Constant weariness is the most common sign of hypersomnia. People who suffer from hypersomnia may take naps throughout the day without ever waking up.
Other hypersomnia symptoms include:
- Sluggish thinking
- Speaking memory problems
Tips to Prevent or Treat Hypersomnia
The follwoing are some tips to prevent hypersomnia-
- Hypersomnia symptoms may be increased by alcohol, caffeine, and some drugs, so see a doctor or expert about what to avoid in terms of food and medication.
- In individuals with Hypersomnia, any activity that delays bedtime should be avoided. Even on weekends, going to bed at the same time every night may help to reduce symptoms.
- Several drugs can assist with Hypersomnia symptoms, but they can have unpleasant side effects and lose effectiveness with time.
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