Restless Legs Syndrome Course Online (RLS)
Restless Legs Syndrome Diagnosis & Management-
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a nervous system disease in which you feel it necessary to move your legs constantly. It usually happens when you’re resting or sleeping in the evening or at night. Moving around briefly relieves the uncomfortable feeling. Willis-Ekbom illness is another name for it.
It is considered a sleep disorder because the symptoms are caused by resting and attempting to sleep. RLS is one of the numerous diseases that can induce fatigue and tiredness during the day. It can have a significant impact on one’s mood, focus, career, and school performance, as well as personal relationships.
Restless Legs Syndrome Symptoms
The main symptom of RLS is that one always has an urge to move their leg. Some other symptoms are-
- People will feel sensations in their limbs. The sensation can be described, as aching throbbing, pulling, itching, crawling, or creeping.
- When you lie down or sit for a lengthy period, the sensation usually starts.
- Stretching, jiggling your legs, pacing, or walking might help relieve RLS symptoms.
In general, the symptoms are worst in the evenings and at night. Symptoms can cause severe nighttime sleep disturbance for some people, lowering their quality of life severely. RLS symptoms can vary in intensity and recurrence from day to day, as well as from person to person.
Restless Legs Syndrome Causes
The following are some common causes of RLS-
- RLS can happen due to a malfunction in the part of the brain that regulates movement and uses the chemical dopamine.
- Iron Deficiency
- Kidney Failure – as it can cause iron deficiency
- Spinal Cord damage or injury
- Pregnancy – as it can result in change or disbalance of hormones
- Use of alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine
- Some medications such as antinausea drugs, antipsychotic drugs, antidepressants that increase serotonin, cold, or allergy medications can severe the symptoms of RLS.
- RLS can occur due to heredity
- Peripheral neuropathy or any damage to your brain nerves that controls your feet
Restless Legs Syndrome Treatments
RLS is treatable, and treatment focuses on symptom relief. Supplementing with iron or using medicines can help, but no single treatment can properly treat RLS in everyone. It may be essential to conduct medical trials. The following are some RLS-related treatments that may be beneficial-
As iron deficiency can cause RLS, then taking iron supplements can relieve the symptoms. It will be prescribed when you have a low iron level in your blood.
Anti-seizure medications are becoming the first-line treatment for RLS. Gabapentin enacarbil was authorized by the FDA for the treatment of moderate to severe RLS. They can delay or stop pain impulses from nerves in the legs.
Individuals with more severe symptoms of RLS who have not responded well to other medicines may be given drugs such as methadone, codeine, hydrocodone, or oxycodone.
Some medications, such as clonazepam and lorazepam, are recommended for RLS, although they are reserved for the most severe instances. It’s because of their addictive potential and adverse effects, which include sleepiness during the day.
Restless Legs Syndrome Relaxation Techniques
The following are some relaxation techniques and lifestyle changes to treat your RLS-
- Regular Exercise
- Following good sleeping habits
- Avoiding using a mobile, laptop while lying in bed
- Try stress-relieving exercises like meditation or yoga.
- Massage the legs, take a warm bath, or use an ice pack or heating pad.
- Try to limit or avoid the use of caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine.
So, the RLS disease is treatable. You just need to make some positive changes in their lifestyle.